Karla provides the finest example of Buddhist rock-cut architecture in the Sahyadris.Great attention has been paid to the form of the carved mithuna figures on the top of the columns. These caves are from the 50-70 AD the main chaitya is elaborately carved and has exquisite pillars as well as inscriptions recording the names of the patrons and donors. The wooden chhatra above the stupa is still intact. Outside the main chaitya the verandah has a five storied structure resting on the life-sized elephants. The caves were taken over by Mahayana Buddhists.